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Reminder: These WhatsApp messages and Facebook posts can land you in jail – BusinessTech

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President Cyril Ramaphosa has signed the Cybercrimes Bill into law, with parts of the bill taking effect from 1 December 2021.
The proclamation comes after Ramaphosa signed the Cybercrimes Act into law at the start of June. This means that the Act is now enforceable, says legal firm Webber Wentzel.
The firm noted that the following cybercrimes, among others, will as of 1 December 2021 be punishable by fine or imprisonment:
Messages 
The Act also introduces the criminalisation of certain offences which are described as malicious communications in the Cybercrimes Act, including:
“By definition, the above acts can be carried out by way of social media communication such as WhatsApp or any other social media platform. This is because WhatsApp or other social media communications fall within the definition of ‘data’ and ‘data message’ as set out in the Act,” said Webber Wentzel.
“South African citizens are now afforded the legislative means to protect themselves against a new form of criminal activity which previously escaped prosecution. Also, South Africa now joins the rest of the world in having enacted similar legislation to deal with online-based offences.”
The firm said that the now operational Cybercrimes Act will also help the increasingly sophisticated and novel forms of crimes committed via online means.
“What remains to be seen is how our law enforcement and court system will deal with and give effect to this powerful piece of legislation.”
Read: This country has banned work messages after hours – here’s what South Africa’s laws say
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Ardèche | Le rugby club d’Aubenas-Vals mise sur la formation des jeunes – Le Dauphiné Libéré

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En octobre, le club de rugby a signé un accord de partenariat avec Oyonnax (Pro D2). La face visible d’un projet basé autour de la formation des jeunes et des éducateurs. Explications.
Quand on n’a pas d’argent, on a des idées. Avec un budget de 2 millions d’euros (Valence-Romans peut se targuer du triple par exemple), l’équation pour se maintenir en Nationale est souvent compliquée, on peut s’en rendre compte en ce début de saison. Le vivier sud-ardéchois n’est pas inépuisable et oblige à aller chercher des jeunes joueurs en devenir, souvent issus des filières professionnelles, mais n’ayant pu accrocher le bon wagon du Top 14 ou de Pro D2.
Le 7 octobre, une convention a été signée avec le club d’Oyonnax. À quoi va-t-elle servir, qu’est-ce que peut en retirer le RCAV ? Noël Besson, co-président du RCAV, y voit de nombreux avantages : « Notre objectif premier, c’est la formation. C’est au cœur de la politique du club car nous n’avons pas les moyens financiers comme d’autres clubs de Nationale. Il y a différents aspects dans cette convention. D’abord la possibilité de prêts de joueurs entre les deux clubs, l’organisation de matches amicaux d’avant-saison et un lien…
Football, rugby, cyclisme, sports d’hiver… Nos clubs, nos champions… Chaque matin, retrouvez une sélection d’articles, de podcasts et de vidéos du Dauphiné Libéré

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Facebook Stock: Time to Buy? – Motley Fool

Returns as of 12/04/2021
Returns as of 12/04/2021
Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions of people attain financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper column, radio show, and premium investing services.
Shares of Meta Platforms (NASDAQ:FB) have tumbled in recent months. Since hitting a 52-week high of $384.33 in September, the tech stock has tumbled more than 19%.
Meta shares seem to be cooling off after a market-beating 2020 and further strong gains this summer. Also likely weighing on the stock is the company’s increased scrutiny in the media and from the government, and recent changes to iOS that have negatively impacted Facebook’s advertising measurement and tracking.
But despite the tech stock‘s bearish trend and some negative headlines about the company in the media, the Facebook parent’s underlying business is firing on all cylinders. With the business doing well but the stock dipping, is this a good buying opportunity for investors? Or should investors wait for shares to fall further before they consider buying Meta stock?
Image source: Getty Images.
To capture just how staggering Facebook’s momentum is, consider some key metrics from the company’s third-quarter update. Revenue during the period increased 35%, fueled primarily by a 33% year-over-year increase in advertising revenue as the social-network platform specialist saw its total unique daily active users across all of its platforms increase 11% year over year to 2.81 billion. Unique monthly active users across its platforms rose 12% to 3.58 billion.
For its fourth quarter, Facebook guided for revenue to be between $31.5 billion and $34 billion, reflecting a big seasonal increase from Q3 revenue of $29 billion. The midpoint of this guidance range translates to year-over-year growth of 17%. Facebook’s guidance is usually quite conservative, however, so actual growth for the period is likely to be higher.
Investors should also note Facebook’s impressive cash generation. The company’s trailing-nine-month free cash flow amounts to $25.9 billion, up from $13.8 billion in the year-ago period and $15.8 billion in the same period two years ago. On a trailing-12-month basis, Facebook generated a whopping $35.8 billion in free cash flow.
This strong cash generation has resulted in a massive war chest of cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities, totaling more than $58 billion. This strong cash position, combined with the company’s robust cash generation, has enabled Meta to buy back shares aggressively. The company repurchased $14.4 billion of its shares in Q3 alone and announced a $50 billion increase to its share repurchase authorization when it reported its third-quarter results.
With such strong fundamentals, it may be difficult to believe that the tech stock trades at just 22 times earnings today. This is even more surprising when you consider that the current consensus analyst estimate for Meta’s bottom line is for earnings per share to increase at an average annualized rate of 21% over the next five years. Investors shouldn’t let the stock’s recent decline and Meta’s conservative valuation fool them. This is still a growth stock and should be valued like one.
Though there’s no way to know whether this is the bottom for the stock, investors who buy shares today will likely do well over the next five years. While there are certainly risks for Meta Platforms, including an evolving digital advertising landscape, antitrust concerns, and competition from smaller social-network companies like Snap and Twitter, these risks seem largely baked into Meta’s conservative stock price. 

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Facebook says the FTC's claims that it's a monopoly are mere 'speculation' – Yahoo Money

In a new federal court filing, Meta Platform’s (FB) Facebook is holding fast on its position that its social media company is no monopolist. For that reason, the company argues, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission shouldn’t be allowed to go forward with an antitrust lawsuit against it.
“[R]ather than plead facts that could show monopoly power, [FTC] relies on inapposite statistics and admitted assumptions to dress up conclusory speculation,” Facebook said in its reply brief filed Wednesday in support of its position that the agency failed to craft a viable lawsuit.
The FTC's lawsuit accuses Facebook of engaging in an illegal "buy or bury" scheme by snapping up competitors like Instagram and WhatsApp in order to eliminate its competition.
At the heart of Facebook's argument for dismissing the case is its assertion that the company lacks dominant market share in the markets alleged by the FTC: "personal social networking" or "personal social networking services (PSNS).” The company also said the FTC failed to show Facebook used acquisitions of Instagram and WhatsApp to exclude competitors and harm consumers, and that the FTC’s vote to authorize an amended complaint after an initial one was thrown out was invalid.
“The FTC still has not identified a single commercial actor, anywhere, that recognizes a PSNS market as defined, much less tracks PSNS usage in a way that might permit assessment of market shares,” the filing states. Additionally, the company goes on to say, “no plausible factual support exists” for the agency’s claim that it has power to raise prices or restrict output in the purported market.
Judge James E. Boasberg, a federal judge in Washington, D.C., tossed the FTC's initial complaint in June after concluding the agency fell short of defining Facebook as a monopolist; however, the judge allowed the agency to file an amended lawsuit.
In its revised claims, the FTC argues that the social media giant stands in a special class of social networking services, apart from the likes of TikTok and Twitter. Those other services do not compete directly with Facebook, the FTC argues. It also points to Comscore data that tracks the overall time users spend online as a way to support that Facebook holds a monopoly in the Personal Social Networking Services market.
However, Facebook responded: “The Comscore data do not even purport to measure PSNS and thus do not qualify as ‘underlying facts that might substantiate’ the FTC’s assertion."
According to the FTC, Facebook used its acquisitions of WhatsApp and Instagram, which the agency’s own regulators approved, to block competition that in turn, harmed consumers. The company purchased Instagram in 2012 for $1 billion and WhatsApp in 2014 for $19 billion.
“Unable to maintain its monopoly by fairly competing, the company’s executives addressed the existential threat by buying up new innovators that were succeeding where Facebook failed,” the agency said in its amended complaint. 
In response, Facebook doubled down on its position that because its services are free, the FTC fell short of showing that the services would be less expensive with more competition, or that output would have been greater, but for the alleged illegal monopolistic behavior.
Facebook also raised concerns that FTC Chair Lina Khan should have been recused from voting on the agency’s decision to authorize the amended complaint. It characterized the 3-2 vote as “tainted” and “invalid.”
Alexis Keenan is a legal reporter for Yahoo Finance. Follow Alexis on Twitter @alexiskweed.
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Bitcoin's long-term momentum is starting to fade, which could limit price gains this month, but some remain bullish for the short term. Rosh Singh, co-founder and CEO of crypto trading platform Quadency, discusses why he thinks bitcoin could reach $100K by the end of 2021 and what metrics he's watching to support this prediction.
Cryptocurrency exchanges, wallet service providers, lenders and mining companies can now advertise their services on Facebook and Instagram.
MOSCOW (Reuters) -Russia's state communications regulator Roskomnadzor has filed cases against U.S. tech firms Google and Meta that could see fines imposed on their annual turnover in Russia, a Moscow court said on Friday. Roskomnadzor in October threatened both Alphabet's Google and Meta's Facebook with fines based on a percentage of their annual turnover for a repeated failure to delete content that Moscow deems illegal.
"There are too many automatic posters and not enough human posters," Eric Schmidt told Barron's.
Facebook parent Meta Platforms Inc. attempted again to undercut the Federal Trade Commission's antitrust lawsuit against the social media giant with its latest federal court filing Wednesday. "[R]ather than plead facts that could show monopoly power, [FTC] relies on inapposite statistics and admitted assumptions to dress up conclusory speculation," Meta said in a filing. "The FTC still has not identified a single commercial actor, anywhere, that recognizes a [personal social networking services]
The decision is a blow to Texas lawmakers who alleged Facebook, Twitter and Google’s YouTube censor right-wing views and former President Donald Trump
A federal judge has blocked Texas from enforcing a law that aimed to block social media companies from banning users based on political views. Judge Robert Pitman issued the order Wednesday in favor of two industry associations that sued to block the Texas law. "Social media platforms have a First Amendment right to moderate content disseminated on their platforms," Pitman wrote. The order underscored that social media platforms are "privately…
Meta's (formerly, Facebook's) experimental app division, the NPE team, is shifting gears. Over the years, the largely Menlo Park-based team launched and retired a number of experiments, ranging from dating and calling apps to meme-makers to TikTok, Twitter and Clubhouse rivals to apps for couples and more. Now, NPE will begin testing out a new thesis: that the next big idea may come from a market outside the U.S.
OKCoin has allocated $1 million to encourage more women to enter the cryptocurrency space and has hired Randi Zuckerberg to lead the effort.
Jayda Cheaves is a flourishing social media influencer and entrepreneur who too often gets stigmatized over her dating and social life.
FOX 35's Andrea Jackson talks to experts to help you avoid gift exchange scams on social media this holiday season.
The Federal Trade Commission announced Thursday it was suing Nvidia over its $40 billion purchase of Arm, the largest acquisition of a semiconductor chip design company.Arm, owned by Tokyo-based Softbank, produces designs and computing technology for semiconductor chips, which are used to power most tech devices, from Iphones and laptops to computer systems in most vehicles.In a statement, the FTC argued that if the California-based Nvidia -…
A federal judge has dismissed a $10 billion lawsuit brought by media executive Byron Allen’s companies against McDonald’s that accused the fast-food chain of racially discriminatory contracting and spending.
(Bloomberg) — As many as 4.1 million people working through food delivery and ride-hailing apps could be reclassified as employees under a forthcoming European Union plan meant to improve gig workers’ labor rights.Most Read from BloombergThe Hot New Trend For Hedge Funds Is—Finally—Female Founders‘Ghost Signs’ Haunt London’s Reviving NeighborhoodsReliving the New York Subway Map DebateAutomating the War on Noise Pollution‘Pension Poachers’ Are Targeting America’s Elderly VeteransThe draft propo
Apple shares opened lower on Thursday over concerns of upcoming demand for its iPhone. The tech giant reportedly told suppliers pent up orders may not be as strong as expected going into the holiday season.
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In 2019, PepsiCo sued some Indian farmers based in the western state of Gujarat for cultivating the FC5 potato variety, which has a lower moisture content required to make snacks such as potato chips. Withdrawing the lawsuits the same year, the New York-based company said it wanted to settle the issue amicably.
If you were planning to do a “Roth IRA” conversion to keep your retirement savings permanently out of the hands of the IRS, you might want to get on it. The new tax bill on Capitol Hill is going to scrap these conversions for everybody after the end of the year — and, no, not just for those earning more than $400,000 a year. The bill “prohibits all employee after-tax contributions in qualified plans and prohibits after-tax IRA contributions from being converted to Roth regardless of income level, effective for distributions, transfers, and contributions made after Dec. 31, 2021,” reports the House Ways & Means Committee.

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Exposition : la culture de l'égalité s'invite à la table – orleans-metropole.fr

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Dans le cadre de sa mission de politique publique pour la promotion et la mise en œuvre de l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes, la ville d’Orléans accueille dans son restaurant administratif l’exposition « Egal O’Ceser, la conquête de l’égalité », jusqu’à la mi-décembre.

La rencontre est belle et porteuse de sens en ce jeudi midi, au restaurant administratif de la ville d’Orléans. Fatim Labib, rapporteure générale aux droits des femmes et à l’égalité du Conseil économique, social et environnemental de la région Centre-Val de Loire est venue parler de l’exposition présentée aux agents de la fonction publique, dans le cadre des actions de la Mairie en faveur de l’égalité Femmes – Hommes. « La question de la culture de l’égalité est d’actualité mais il reste encore un long chemin à parcourir, souligne Fatim Labib. Le Ceser a inscrit dans ses travaux depuis plus de 20 ans la question de l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes. Pas à pas, on gravit des marches de plus en plus importantes. »
L’exposition pointe les distorsions entre le droit, la réalité et les faits de la situation des femmes dans différents domaines. « Egal O’Ceser » met en avant, à travers 22 portraits, des femmes et des hommes, figures volontaires, combattantes et résistantes, qui ont œuvré à la conquête de l’égalité. « Ils sont des fragments de l’histoire du chemin de l’égalité, poursuit Fatim Labib. En proposant notre exposition aux quatre coins du département, notamment au sein des collectivités, notre but est de susciter le dialogue, de bousculer les mentalités, d’interroger, pour que chacun puisse faire son propre chemin sur ces questions d’égalité. »
Un projet en droite ligne de la politique de la ville d’Orléans qui vise à développer l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes également au sein de ses murs. « Pour la première fois, nous avons une délégation sur l’égalité femmes/hommes à la Ville d’Orléans, et la rencontre a été très forte avec Fatim Labib et le Ceser, témoigne Chrystel De Filippi (photo ci-dessus), adjointe au maire en charge de ces questions. Nous nous sommes aperçus que la culture de l’égalité est un sujet transversal qui touche tous les services. Nous avons beaucoup d’agents femmes qui s’y intéressent et nous demandent de s’impliquer dans ce domaine, et aussi de nombreux hommes. » Ainsi, La Mairie d’Orléans s’engage auprès de ses agents et des Orléanais en adoptant un plan d’actions visant à renforcer, valoriser et innover pour que l’égalité, inscrite dans la loi, s’ancre dans la réalité. Un combat pour les années à venir porteur d’espoir !
Consulter le contenu de l’exposition
Avant le débat sur le vote du budget, les communes sont tenues de présenter un rapport sur la situation en matière d’égalité femmes – hommes, intéressant le fonctionnement de la collectivité. La Ville d’Orléans a présenté le sien lors du conseil municipal du 10 novembre. « L’égalité des sexes est un enjeu national, rappelle Chrystel de Filippi, adjointe au maire en charge de l’Egalité femmes-hommes, et les collectivités sont des acteurs majeurs de cet engagement. »
La mairie d’Orléans, dont le personnel est à 69% féminin, se veut très volontariste en la matière. Un certain nombre d’actions ont déjà été engagées pour sensibiliser l’ensemble des agents aux enjeux de l’égalité hommes-femmes, pour faciliter l’accès des femmes à la formation professionnelle ou encore « leur permettre de trouver cet équilibre entre vies professionnelle et personnelle, indique Isabelle Rastoul, adjointe au maire chargée des Relations humaines.
Cet objectif d’égalité se traduit également dans les politiques publiques conduites par la Ville. A l’instar du dispositif d’accueil des victimes de violences conjugales, qui a reçu, en 2020, une cinquantaine de femmes et 70 enfants. Pour Chrystel de Filippi, il est important de mener des actions conjointes pour gagner en lisibilité et en efficacité sur ces questions. L’adjointe au maire a annoncé la constitution d’un groupe de travail (en cours) composé d’acteurs locaux, publics et privés, qu’elle animera. « L’objectif est de se mettre tous autour de la table et de travailler de concert pour faire avancer l’égalité femmes-hommes, informer et sensibiliser. »
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Route: La tunique 2022 de la formation Astana Qazaqstan dévoilée – Cyclism'Actu

Après la formation INEOS Grenadiers, une autre écurie du World Tour a décidé de dévoiler son maillot pour la saison 2022. En marge de la journée de présentation, Astana Qazaqstan Team a donc montré sa nouvelle tunique pour l’année à venir. Pas trop de changement sur l’ensemble de l’équipe kazakhe par rapport aux autres saisons. Le bleu traditionnel de cette formation reste très présent. Il est associé à des écailles plus foncées en bas de la tunique. Parmi les coureurs qui porteront ce maillot en 2022 : Alexey Lutsenko, Miguel Angel Lopez ou encore Vincenzo Nibali.

Vidéo – Vincenzo Nibali portera cet ensemble en 2022 !

🇰🇿 Day of Presentation in Nur-Sultan

The official presentation starts now! In the upcoming season our riders will wear this jersey! It didn’t change that much, but still looks differently! Do you like it?#AstanaQazaqstanTeam pic.twitter.com/kXu19gaVFt
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Fact-check: Are warnings about virus variants meant to 'keep the fear going'? – Austin American-Statesman

Viral Facebook post: « Don’t be fooled by the next ‘Variant.’ There are actually 1000’s of them. They just will pick the next one to keep the fear going. »
PolitiFact’s ruling: Partly False
Here’s why: Social media users are sharing a misleading post that claims public health agencies have thousands of fake COVID-19 variants lined up and are revealing them one by one to stoke fear.
The Facebook post is the latest version of the conspiracy theories about the coronavirus being planned, or faked, or a hoax. It follows similar internet rumors that claimed, also falsely, that the name of the new omicron variant is evidence that the pandemic is a hoax, and that the variant was timed to distract from the sex trafficking trial of Ghislaine Maxwell.
« Don’t be fooled by the next ‘Variant,’ the Nov. 28 post says. « There are actually 1000’s of them. They just will pick the next one to keep the fear going. »
The post was flagged as part of Facebook’s efforts to combat false news and misinformation on its News Feed.
The post includes an altered image that shows the face of the White House chief medical adviser Dr. Anthony Fauci on the body of Dr. Evil, the villain in the « Austin Powers » movie franchise, whom the post depicts as making an air-quotes gesture with his hands around the word « variant. » 
The post also shows a screenshot of a visualization from Nextstrain, an open-source bioinformatics project run by a team of researchers.
But in a statement to PolitiFact, Nextstrain said the post is an example of its charts being distorted by « a few people who want to interpret them to further their misinformation claims. »
The post makes it sound like public health officials are sitting on a long list of fake variants and announcing new ones every time fears about the others subside. That’s not the case.
There are thousands of COVID-19 variants in existence, as is to be expected with any virus that mutates. But that doesn’t mean omicron and the other named variants that public health agencies have sounded alarms about are fake or planned. The variants that get elevated in this way are not selected at random or « to keep the fear going, » experts said.
Viruses, including the one that causes COVID-19, can evolve over time.
variant of the coronavirus is one that differs from the original strain that emerged in Wuhan, China. The changes arise via random mutations, especially when circulating at high rates.
The chart featured in the Facebook post « plots the data we have on SARS-CoV-2 genetic code sequences over time, » Nextstrain said in its statement. « It’s a little like a virus family tree. »
But while there are thousands of coronavirus variants, most fade out over time or never become widespread strains, so they are not concerning in the context of the pandemic.
« New variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus are detected every week, » Johns Hopkins Medicine’s Dr. Stuart Ray added in an article on the university’s website. « Most come and go. »
Public health agencies like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization monitor mutations and watch for changes that could make evolving strains more transmissible, dangerous, or resistant to testing, vaccines and treatments. 
Broadly speaking, the agencies designate variants as « variants of concern » when there is observed evidence that the variants behave this way. The agencies label variants as « variants of interest » if they display genetic markers that could potentially send them down this path.
These are the variants scientists warn about — like the delta variant, which has for months accounted for more than 99% of all coronavirus infections in the U.S. The WHO currently lists five variants of concern: alpha, beta, delta, gamma and omicron.
« The reason that we only hear about a few of the variants is because they are not all of equal importance, » said Cindy Prins, a clinical associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Florida. The ones we hear about on the news « are the ones that have the potential to have a greater effect on public health. »
Despite the Facebook post’s claims, the variants are not rolled out at random or to « keep the fear going. » 
Instead, they are designated as variants of interest or concern according to public health agencies’ working definitions and a process that is « scientific, well thought-out, and designed to focus only on those that need to be prioritized, » Prins said. Omicron is only the 13th variant to receive a Greek alphabet name under the WHO’s classification system.
« They are very much not picked at random, » Nextstrain said in its statement.
« Scientists and public health agencies definitely do not just pick the next variant and try to scare people with that, » Prins added. « Even with omicron, scientists and public health agencies are urging the public not to panic because we still need to learn more. »
A Facebook post said, « Don’t be fooled by the next ‘Variant’! There are actually 1000’s of them. They just will pick the next one to keep the fear going. »
There are thousands of coronavirus variants, but they are not fake, or planned, or being systematically revealed to « keep the fear going, » as the post suggests.
The handful of variants that have been named variants of interest or concern were classified as such because they met criteria that gave public health agencies reason to raise alarms.
We rate this Facebook post Mostly False.

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Needle Device Hidden in Chicago Ridge Gas Pump, Police Warn – NBC Chicago

While attempting to pump gas in suburban Chicago Ridge, a man found a needle device hidden in the nozzle, police warned Tuesday.
According to a Facebook post from the Chicago Ridge Police Department, the man was at a Shell Gas Station at 111th Street and Ridgeland at around 7 p.m. when he went to squeeze the trigger on the gas nozzle and felt a poke on his finger.
The man found a « needle device » on the handle, as well as an unknown white substance in the hollow area behind the needle and an adhesive substance holding the assembly to the trigger of the gas pump, police said.
Officials said the man was taken to an area hospital for evaluation and was asymptomatic for exposure.

Police are working with the Illinois State Police Crime Lab to analyze the needle device, the post noted.
Anyone with information about the incident is encouraged to contact the Chicago Ridge Police Investigations Division at (708) 425-7831.

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